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The Phillipine Lingling-o

A pre-colonial symbol of fertility and virility

amulet with natural fiber strung through

A symbol of protection, balance, and interconnectivity

October marks Filipino American History Month and LGBTQ+ History Month, and to celebrate, we bring a highlight from the Anthropology (Ethnology) collection—the Lingling-o.  This early 1900s necklace and earrings are from the northern Luzon region in the Philippines and depict a symbol of fertility and virility.

necklace, metal and natural fiber
This 1919 necklace is either Bontoc or Ifugao, from the Mountain Province of northern Luzon, Philippines.
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Anthropology (Ethnology) Department
Two earrings, metak
These 1905 earrings are Ifugao from Cavite Province of Luzon, Philippines.
Natural History Museum of Los Angeles County - Anthropology (Ethnology) Department

The pre-colonial symbol represents the combination of masculine and feminine energies, with the outer shape representing the uterus (feminine energy) and the space within representing the phallus (masculine energy).  When combined, these energies have immense spiritual power, and it is believed by many that the union of contrasting reproductive organs can create life in numerous ways.

People in parade celebrating
Yearly, the Babaylan Festival is celebrated in the City of Bagos in the Philippines. The festival represents the rituals performed by the Babaylans, such as marriage, baptism, healing, and harvest—and serves as a celebration of people who serve the community through their roles as folk therapists, wisdom-keepers, and philosophers.
Billy Loupe, via Flickr

In pre-colonial times, the babaylan, balian, or katalonan (shaman; high priestess) would use the Lingling-o in rituals to bless people wanting to bear children, farmers wanting flourishing crops, and fishermen wanting abundant catch. People who expressed the other or both genders had a place in society and could become babaylan, balian, or katalonan, who served as the spiritual guides of their communities.

The Lingling-o is meaningful to several ethnic groups in the Philippines, such as the Ifugao and Kalinga tribes, as a symbol of protection, balance, and interconnectedness. 

This Lingling-o is a contemporary amulet and similarly depicts the combination of masculine and feminine energies.

We invite you to explore more stories of culture and community, including our limited series on Third Gender: Mapuche, Muxe, Fa’afafine / Fa’afatama and Two-Spirit persons connected to the broader Indigenous community. 



Milena Acosta, Bettina Selsor, and KT Hajeian contributed to this story.